Oats Are Healthier and Cause Fewer Allergies Than Other Cereal Grains

May 29, 2022

Researchers Have Successfully Sequenced the Entire Oat Genome

An international team of researchers under the leadership of Lund University in Sweden has recently sequenced the oat genome. The sequencing discovered that the oat genome is very complex compared to other cereals. This is a result of the genome’s size and structure, consisting of six sets of chromosomes with 80,000 genes. After gaining valuable information from the sequenced genome, the researchers understood which genes were responsible for which traits. The team was especially interested in discovering why oat products trigger fewer allergies and intolerances than other grain cereals like wheat and rye. They found that oats have fewer proteins corresponding to gluten in wheat. These offending proteins are related to celiac disease and wheat intolerances. Since oats contain fewer triggering proteins, fewer intolerances are experienced, making oats suitable for a gluten-free diet. The research team also detailed that oats have a much higher proportion of beta-glucans, which are fibers that reduce blood cholesterol levels and assist in managing metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes. Oats contain health benefits that other grains do not, and their cultivation requires fewer treatments with insecticides, fungicides, and fertilizers. Ultimately, the research team proved that oats are a healthy alternative to other grain cereals.

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