Dysgraphia–What Is It? And How Do You Treat It?

October 10, 2022

Tips for Helping Children Who Struggle with Learning to Write

Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects the ability to write and is a condition that is frequently seen comorbidly with autism. It involves two challenges–motor weaknesses that affect the physical writing process and cognitive issues that impact written expression. Children who struggle with motor issues related to dysgraphia often have difficulty forming letters or holding a pencil correctly. They can also experience writing fatigue, causing hand cramps or pain. Children with cognitive issues related to dysgraphia have difficulty with writing mechanics, such as spelling, grammar, punctuation, and sentence structure. They may also have trouble organizing their writing, struggling to put their ideas onto paper in a coherent, structured way. Occupational therapists are the first line of support for children with motor issues. These therapists use interventions to help kids improve fine motor skills and dexterity by using physical exercises to strengthen their hand muscles. To help children struggling with written expression, psychologists, teachers, or educational specialists can utilize a couple of instructional approaches. These include the Hochman Method, also known as the Writing Revolution, and self-regulated strategy development. Both approaches teach writing in a structured way. Several accommodations can be used to help children with dysgraphia in school. These include:

Lastly, children with dysgraphia typically struggle in the classroom, which can cause emotional distress. It’s essential to monitor their anxiety, self-esteem, and confidence levels. When these children receive proper support, they can excel in school, gain self-esteem, and confidently express their ideas on paper. 

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